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Quebec judge says girl who was sexually assaulted was “probably a bit flattered” by her assault

A judge in the Canadian province of Quebec has proven that one does not have to be particularly intelligent to become a judge.

Judge Jean-Paul Braun made some horrid comments earlier this year during the trial of a taxi driver accused of sexually assaulting a 17-year-old girl by licking her face and grabbing her.

Judge Braun said, “We can say she is a little overweight, but she has a pretty face, huh?” He indicated that the girl was “flattered” at the attention she received, and that trying to kiss someone is an acceptable gesture.

giphy

Fortunately, the provincial Justice Minister, Stephanie Vallee, is not going to tolerate that shit and is going to file a complaint about Braun.

Here is a link to the full article:  http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2017/10/25/quebec-judge-jean-paul-braun-said-sex-assault-victim-probably-a-little-flattered-by-attention_a_23255840/?utm_campaign=canada_newsletter.

 

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More geese in the news

This time, the headline reads “Memorial Planned for Dartmouth Geese Killed This Week” (http://www.metronews.ca/news/halifax/2017/08/11/memorial-planned-for-dartmouth-geese-killed-this-week.html)

Unlike the Canada geese I posted about recently, these geese are not considered pests. In fact, the people in the area seem to cherish them as pets. So since three of these geese were hit by a car and two of them died, the community has been in an uproar that the person who hit them wasn’t charged.

These two events serve to clearly underscore what Gary Francione calls our “moral schizophrenia”, or confused thinking, about animals. On the one hand, we value some animals, like the Dartmouth geese, seeing them as worthy of our consideration and protection. Indeed, people might view them almost as friends. On the other hand, the Canada geese in Washington Park are just a nuisance, noisy and messy, and they are inconveniencing people by being too abundant. So we kill those geese and feed their corpses to homeless people and school children.

This boggles my mind, but it shows how we are able to shower love and affection on dogs and cats or any other animals we keep or regard as pets, while simultaneously paying other people to torture and kill other animals so we can needlessly consume their bodies.

Melanie Joy says that this phenomenon is “invisible”, that we are all just poor, brainwashed victims who have been tricked into thinking like this. But I don’t buy that at all. WE are not the victims.

The reality is that it’s a very conscious and deliberate choice on our part to love some animals while brutally and needlessly killing others. The root of it is speciesism, the belief that the lives of other sentient beings are of less value than human life and that somehow this justifies using them in whatever ways we please.

Geese are neither inherently good nor inherently bad—they simply are what they are. It is nothing more than people’s perceptions of them that decide whether their lives are commemorated with candlelight vigils and outrage at their deaths, or whether they are considered pests and served as dinner.

The life of each sentient being has an inherent worth; that is, it has value in and of itself, not for what it can do for us or how we can exploit it. Each subject of a life values their own life and wants to keep living. For example, your life means nothing to me at all, but it sure does have value to you, and you probably want to keep living!

Geese, and other animals, are no different. As sentient beings, they experience life, they have thoughts and feelings. They are subjects of a life, and they wish for their lives to continue. We have no right, therefore, to arbitrarily decide which animals live and which die.

And while it is very touching that people were upset about the geese being killed by a motorist, I am fairly certain every one of them went home and had a dinner consisting of some kind of animal parts.

Moral schizophrenia indeed!

 

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Canada geese murdered in Washington Park, corpses fed to homeless and children.

Wow. Here is a horrifying news story: “Canada Geese from Washington Park Made Into Meals for Homeless Shelters”

(http://globalnews.ca/news/3647922/canadian-geese-meat-washington-homeless-shelter/?utm_source=Article&utm_medium=MostPopular&utm_campaign=2014)

And it’s not just the homeless who get to dine on the corpses of these murdered animals. Their “meat” also went to rehabilitation and after school programs.

The article says the geese were “euthanized”—interesting, as I always thought that the substances used to “euthanize” animals made their “meat” unsafe for humans to eat. Not that it would make what people have done to these geese any better if they were “euthanized” but it really makes me wonder.

The article claims the geese were killed in efforts to manage the park’s wetlands.

How typical of humans to ignore any other possibility of “managing” wildlife and just killing animals instead.

This is a really despicable story that ruined my day. My heart bleeds for the innocent geese that lost their lives. It’s a tragic story but I am sure many will laud those who killed the geese for “not wasting” them.

It’s absolutely devastating to me how little value people place on animals’ lives. It’s humans who need to be managed, not geese. What a horrible story.

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Science is just an opinion

There are people in this world who act as though science is merely a matter of opinion, and as we all know, everyone has one of those! Apparently, Rhodes Scholars and Google scholars are equal and their opinions are granted equal weight.

I experienced this disturbing phenomenon yesterday on Facebook. I should have seen it coming because the topic of discussion was weight loss. Someone posted a request for information on how to lose weight, and of course everyone has an opinion on that.

Surprisingly, someone mentioned The China Study by T. Colin Campbell, and suggested the person who wants to lose weight adopt a whole foods, plant-based diet. Yay! I then entered the discussion by mentioning a book called Proteinaholic by Dr. Garth Davis, which I found to be a really nice overview of years of scientific research into nutrition and weight loss. I also mentioned Dr. Joel Fuhrman’s Eat to Live website and books and his “nutritarianism”. These are all credible, evidence-based resources based on sound science.

Sounds good so far, right? I mean, who’s going to argue with years of research on thousands of people, with all credible evidence pointing toward a whole foods, plant-based diet being the best for human health, including reaching and maintaining a healthy body weight? Fool proof, right?

Nope.

One of the original poster’s friends left a comment advising the original poster to consume more protein, particularly protein shakes.

As this is dangerous and irresponsible advice (high protein diets have been thoroughly debunked), I left a benign comment to contradict this person, indicating that in fact consuming more protein would not be helpful in the goal of weight loss or achieving good health.

This person then proceeded to argue with me about types of protein and that she’s been doing a high protein, low carb diet for a month now and has lost 10 pounds. I responded that animal proteins are not superior to plant proteins, plants contain all the proteins we need, high protein diets are dangerous, and people often lose weight initially on a high-protein diet, because they are losing water weight, they almost always gain it all back and then some in the long term.

She then told me that I should respect her beliefs as she was respecting mine. I told her that certainly everyone is entitled to their beliefs, but we were not discussing beliefs—we were discussing ways to lose weight and live healthfully. I kept pointing out that I was basing my comments on science, and I identified where I was getting my information. The woman who was arguing with me never named a single reference—she just kept telling me to respect her beliefs. I said it was irresponsible to advise someone trying to lose weight to consume more protein when doing so is harmful. She told me that I sounded like I just don’t want anyone to eat meat and that she loves a nice juicy steak every now and then. I responded to that with “That is very unfortunate”, because it’s too bad that people desire foods that are so damaging to their health, just because they taste good. I wasn’t being anything other than sincere—it is really unfortunate. I was also told that everyone is different—what works for one person won’t necessarily work for another, to which I responded that the only diet conducive to good health in humans is a whole foods, plant-based diet, which is supported by scientific evidence.

Then the original poster joined the discussion and told me to back off, as I had proven my point and I had been argumentative and borderline insulting.

…?

I re-read the entire thread, trying to figure out where I had been insulting or argumentative, and found nothing that could warrant that assessment.

I did, however, figure this out: in order to be perceived as “nice” or likeable, you have to agree with everything everyone else says, even if it’s harmful, or dangerous, or just plain inaccurate. If you disagree with someone, even if you are polite and offer them credible information to counter their assertions, you are an asshole.

I was told that what I was saying was just an opinion, and that anyone can look online and find something that says the opposite.

…except, I didn’t find the information online, as I am not a Google scholar. I’ve been learning about diet and nutrition for years now—11, actually, since I became vegan. I don’t click on blogs or media stories for my information, because part of my learning has been to understand how to tell the difference between real information and click bait. I have read The China Study, Eat to Live, and Proteinaholic.

I have also looked at those “articles” and other sources that say eating meat is good for us, or whatever, and either the science is not done correctly, or it’s not reported accurately by the media, or, as in anything said by the Weston A. Price Foundation, it’s just not science at all.

In short, I have learned to think critically, to look at who is funding what study and who is reporting it and how, and how the study was conducted, and that we need to look at more than a single study to get accurate information. I don’t just look for information that supports my beliefs, but I have yet to see any credible science demonstrating that eating meat, dairy, or eggs is conducive to good health in humans.

So I resent being told that I have to respect the opinion of someone who knows nothing about nutritional science and doesn’t even know what a meta-analysis is or understand the difference between fact and belief.

I resent being told that in presenting facts that are contrary to what people want to believe, I am “argumentative” and “borderline insulting”.

I resent that after reading a great deal to enhance my knowledge and then using that knowledge to try to help someone and prevent them from harming themselves by taking bad advice, I am told that my knowledge is really just belief and opinion.

I resent that clueless, ignorant people who have no understanding of even rudimentary science (What is protein? What is a meta-analysis?) think their opinions are equal to mine.

I don’t think I am better than anyone, but I have read things from actual reliable sources that others don’t know about. I don’t understand why presenting sound, credible science to help someone make an informed decision causes others to get so incredibly defensive and angry with me.

I removed myself from the conversation. I wish the original poster the best of luck losing weight while getting such terrible advice and rejecting the knowledge of someone who has actually read accurate and factual information about it. I hope she isn’t harmed in the process.

ETA:  There is a saying that goes something like, “The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result.”  However, I think we need a new definition of insanity.  I think it should be, “The definition of insanity is continuing to believe something, even in the face of irrefutable evidence to the contrary.”  I am deeply disturbed by the cognitive dissonance displayed by many individuals, and it makes me question how we can ever progress as a species when we are constantly being held back by people who hang on desperately to beliefs even when presented with facts that contradict those beliefs.  Humans are a truly frightening species.

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Bomb-detection dog Grizz shot and killed in New Zealand

A bomb-detection dog named Grizz who got spooked at Auckland airport and took off was shot and killed after people spent three hours trying to catch him.

Here is a link to the article:  http://www.msn.com/en-ca/news/world/uproar-as-bomb-detection-dog-grizz-shot-dead-on-tarmac-at-auckland-airport/ar-BByeuD6?li=AAggFp5&ocid=mailsignout

This has apparently sparked a big debate–why shoot and kill the dog?  Those who support Grizz’s murder say that human lives were at risk and after all, a whole three hours were spent trying to capture Grizz.

A whole three hours, folks.  That is all Grizz’s life was worth.  He was not even on the tarmac, interrupting human travel.  He was on the perimeter of the airport, where he was not putting any human at risk.

The article says Grizz delayed 16 flights.

OMG, 16 flights were delayed, obviously posing a huge inconvenience–sorry, “risk”–to humans.

FFS.

One intelligent person asked why they didn’t use the three hours they spent chasing the terrified dog to go get a tranquilizer to shoot Grizz with.  That is an excellent question, one that no one bothers to answer.

The article shows very clearly how humans regard animals as mere things.  From using Grizz as a bomb-detector to begin with, to referring to him as “it” throughout the article–and showing social media posts from people who refer to Grizz as “it”–to stating that killing Grizz was a “gross mismanagement of resources” as bomb-detecting dogs “cost thousands of dollars to train”, the language reinforces our view of non-humans as objects.

Grizz should not have died.  We treat human criminals better than we treated this dog.  What was done to Grizz is despicable, and it shows how little we truly value the lives of non-humans, even those who are supposedly our “best friends”.

If you are upset by Grizz’s death, but you are not vegan, please consider why a dog’s life matters more to you than the lives of the animals you eat, wear, or otherwise use.  Please consider caring for ALL animals by going vegan.  Visit http://www.howdoigovegan.com or http://www.abolitionistapproach.com.

 

 

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Some thoughts on “the” bible as “divine word” and a justification for killing animals.

In the comments on one of my previous posts about Gary Yourofsky, a person named Grant asked vegans to “respect” non-vegans.  I explained why that will never happen, and the discussion evolved to be about religion and “the” bible.

I found a well-written article that I think addresses the concerns I raised in my discussion with Grant, which are that beliefs are fine so long as they don’t harm anyone, and animals are definitely someone.  Grant argued, saying animals are things put here by god for us to use and they aren’t persons.  I countered that it’s very convenient how religious people cherry pick from their various bibles that support whatever beliefs they feel like having in a moment.  Grant says he doesn’t cherry pick, but I argued that he must, necessarily, as he himself admitted to not sacrificing animals even though “the” bible tells him to.

Here is a wonderful article about why we actually need to cherry pick from “the” bible.  It essentially argues what I was arguing–religion needs to evolve to accommodate current morals, norms and values.  Unfortunately, because it’s written words, and religious folks insist it’s the “breathed” word of some god, the bible or other religious texts don’t change; they remain stagnant, while the rest of the world moves on and evolves.

Here is the article in its entirety (from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/valerie-tarico/in-defense-of-cherry-pick_b_7305860.html):

People accuse each other of cherry picking sacred texts, as if the term was an insult. But for those seeking to honor the quest of the Bible writers or to raise healthy children within a Christian tradition, that is precisely the right approach.

No parent with a backyard cherry tree would pick every piece of fruit on the tree and feed it to her children. No matter how excellent a tree, some of the fruit is wormy. Some of it is bird pecked and moldy. Some wasn’t pollinated properly and has been hard and shriveled from the beginning. A loving parent culls through, discarding the bad fruit and feeding her children the cherries that are juicy and nourishing.

But when it comes to handed down ideas about religion — about what is real and what is good and how we should then live — many people don’t apply the same prudent care. They take the Bible or related traditions and pass them on without sifting or sorting.

Bad cherries in the bowl will give a child a stomach ache at worst, but bad religious ideas can leave a person needlessly guilt ridden for life or unable to enjoy sex, or deeply fearful of death, or full of judgment and alienation toward outsiders, or even suffering what some call religious trauma syndrome.

Handing down un-culled religious beliefs from one generation to the next not only passes on psychologically harmful ideas, it is tearing apart our world. Today some of the worst ideas plaguing society are ideas that claim support from the pages of the Torah or Christian Bible or Quran, for example the idea that children are born bad and must be beaten, or that female sexuality is dirty and dangerous, or that homosexuality is abominable, or that religious outsiders lack morals, or that war can be holy, or that the Earth is ours to consume as we please and that God will simply replace it.

These ideas reflect the mentality of our ancestors, but there is every reason to think that they would be far less common today were it not for the fact that they are endorsed in the pages of books now called Holy by hundreds of millions of believers.

To understand how humanity ended up in this dilemma and how we might get past it, we need to understand something fundamental about the Abrahamic religions.

People of the Book

When the Prophet Mohammed embraced Jews and Christians as fellow “People of the Book,” he wasn’t simply acknowledging the shared roots of all three religions in the ancient Hebrew narrative of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. He was also correctly observing that these two religious traditions were centered around written texts akin to the one he was in the process of creating.

Judaism, Christianity and Islam emerged during the time when writing was coming into its own as humanity’s most powerful cultural technology, one that wouldn’t be rivaled until the 20th Century. To a degree unlike any prior religion (or any religion that is likely to emerge in the future), the Abrahamic religions are structured around a specific communication technology — the written word. It is no coincidence that some of the world’s largest religions spread across continents not only in the minds of individual believers but in bundles of papyrus, parchment, scrolls, illuminated manuscripts, and finally mass produced books.

In Christianity, the advent of the printing press, which brought the written word to the masses, directly fueled the Protestant Reformation. Over time, across vast swaths of Christendom the authority of the papacy and Catholic hierarchy were replaced by the authority of the Bible, the Reformation’s “sola scriptura.” (The irony, of course, is that it was the Catholic hierarchy itself that had assembled the collection of texts and declared them, on papal authority, to be God’s best and most complete revelation to humankind. But I digress.)

This focus on the written word is both the greatest strength and greatest flaw of the Abrahamic religions. It has allowed Christianity and Islam to become more powerful than any religion in history. Today over 3.7 billion people identify with one or the other of these traditions. But it has also allowed both traditions to become stagnant and cruel, profoundly corrupted by a phenomenon that might best be described as “book worship” or “bibliolatry.”

Sacred Text as Golden Calf

Today many Christians assert that the Bible is the literally perfect Word of God, timeless and complete — exempt from addition, deletion, or revision. Many Muslims make the same claim for the Quran, according it such high status that either defacing a copy of the book or denying its divine provenance is a crime worthy of death. In other words, they attribute to the Bible and Quran the qualities of divinity, and they treat offenses against the book as if they were offenses against a god. They behave toward the Bible and Quran precisely like their ancestors did toward the wood and stone carvings that represented the divine for pre-literate people.

In an age of widespread literacy, what better golden calf than a “golden” book?

Bibliolatry Violates Both Book and Writer

Ironically, the idea that our sacred texts are perfect and complete, in final form, is diametrically opposed to the stance of the men who wrote those texts. Each of these men took the tradition and teachings he received, processed them, and then offered what he believed to be a better, deeper understanding of reality and goodness. Had this not been the case, the authors would have been copyists, not writers.

Ironically, too, writers of both the Bible and Quran understood the dangers of idolatry, and within the constraints of their own cultural blinders did what they could to warn against it. They recognized that pre-literate people had sought to convey their understanding of the divine through works of art: sculptures, paintings, friezes, and more. They recognized that these objects became idols, treated as if the icons themselves were as holy as the truths they sought to convey. And they recognized that idol worship bound people to harmful ideas and practices, and to inadequate conceptions of divinity.

They felt so strongly about this that they encouraged the destruction of religious symbols and icons. In the intervening centuries, both Christianity and Islam have been plagued with bouts of iconoclasm, purges like the one that currently drives members of the Taliban and ISIS to destroy the last vestiges of ancient pre-Muslim culture and religion, as they are able.

The authors of the Bible and Quran had no way to foresee that their words would eventually cause the greatest developmental arrest in the history of humankind. In their Iron Age context, the advent and spread of writing was an innovation on par with the arrival of computing. It allowed so much more depth, nuance and complexity that earlier symbolic systems that the possibilities must have seemed infinite.

It must have been impossible to imagine that inked texts would ultimately fail to keep up with the growth of human knowledge, and that they would eventually be replace by mass printing, then living documents (like wikis) and other media. It must have been impossible to grasp the limits of the written word — that texts, however sacred, can only, ever, convey a finite set of spiritual understandings, static and frozen in time, small and bound by human psychology, utterly inadequate to encompass the power behind the DNA code or the laws of physics.

The High Price of High Fidelity: Static Books, Static Knowledge, Static Priorities

The spread of writing allowed previously unimaginable advances, but like any new technology it created a new set of problems. Before the advent of the sacred text, religious beliefs and practices were handed down via oral tradition and were represented by symbols, icons and rituals. Religion was necessarily more heterogeneous, more place based, and more grounded in practice, or “praxis,” rather than belief. It was also more free to evolve as culture and moral consciousness themselves evolved in response to changing environmental conditions, population densities, and technologies.

By contrast with oral tradition, a book allows an extraordinary degree of fidelity in transmitting a set of ideas across time and space and between strangers with many degrees of separation. That is the strength, but also the weakness of the written word. This fidelity means that any printed text is frozen in time, a snapshot of a single mind embedded in a specific cultural and historical context. And since the knowledge or insight imbedded in the text is static, when people or institutions bind themselves to a text, asserting that it is final and complete — the definitive authority on whatever matter it addresses — they become stagnant too. An institution or person that declares allegiance to an immutable text becomes developmentally arrested, unable to do what the author himself did, which was to take his received tradition and iterate on it, offering new ideas and insights about the subject at hand.

The Fruit of the Spirit

My friend Eckhart inherited two old cherry trees when he bought his current home. The trees were past their prime and the cherries are prone to be buggy. But with selective pruning and care he has gotten a bounty of sweet, wholesome fruit for his family. Eckhart’s story isn’t surprising to anyone who understands agriculture. But why do we so often fail to apply simple lessons from other parts of life to our spiritual endeavor?

Rather than being used as an epithet, perhaps cherry picker should be a compliment, an acknowledgment of discernment, wisdom, judgment, and responsibility. In actual fact, all religious believers (and nonbelievers) cherry pick their sacred texts or cultural traditions, even fundamentalists, even those who deny doing so. A book like the Bible or Quran contains passages that contradict each other, or that demand a level of perfection (or cruelty) that is simply unattainable for most believers. Whether we are Christian or Muslim or post-Abrahamic freethinkers or practitioners of some other spiritual tradition, the question isn’t whether we cherry pick, it is whether we do so wisely and well, based on some higher principle that tells us which passages are spiritually nourishing and which should be discarded.

Humanity’s shared moral core provides guidance in this regard. Religion scholar Huston Smith says that the world’s great wisdom traditions converge on three values that he calls veracity, humility, and charity, each of which both constrains and enhances the others. Veracity means truth telling and truth seeking, including honest self-appraisal. Humility means recognizing that each of us is just one among many and that the yearnings and insights of others matter. Charity, in the King James sense, is not merely generosity but love, the kind that seeks to value the pleasure and pain of others on par with our own.

The Golden Rule, which can be thought of as a shorthand for these values appears in some form in virtually every religious or secular moral philosophy, and likely is encoded into our genes in ways that scientists are just beginning to understand. As Christian author Rachel Held Evans has said eloquently, in Christianity, this ethic is woven into what Jesus calls the greatest of the commandment, to love God and to love your neighbor, the latter being the tangible manifestation of the former. This, he says, sum up all the writings of the Law and Prophets. In the book of Matthew, he warns against false prophets, saying, “You will know them by their fruit.” The Apostle Paul lists the fruit of the spirit as love, joy, peace, longsuffering, goodness, meekness, temperance and faith. “Against such, there is no law,” he adds, recognizing that these virtues are respected not only within but also outside the nascent Christian community.

These are the measures that let us know what fruit is worth keeping, and what is not. Cherry picking a sacred text doesn’t leave a person without a moral core, lost in a world where anything goes, as some fundamentalists fear. Rather, it anchors that moral core to something clearer, deeper, and more durable than the bindings of a golden book.

Our ancestors were flawed and human, as we are today. And they lacked many of the advantages we have from our privileged vantage in the 21stCentury. They were constrained by their own time and place and individual failings, but even so, they took their received traditions and wrestled with them, offering a new understanding of what was right and real, drawing on the past but facing the future. And in doing so, they offered us genuinely timeless and transcendent metrics by which we might do the same.

When we cherry pick their words in accordance with their highest and most enduring ideals, we honor and further their quest. We also show our selves worthy of the privilege we have been given to live at this point in history. What stories might have been told, and what insights might have been attained by an Isaiah or Jesus or Paul or Mohammed who had the advantage of living in the 21st Century?

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This is a thought-provoking essay on tolerance

Should We Be Tolerant of Intolerance?

— Can Relativism Coexist with Fundamentalism?
01 Aug 2016
If we value multiculturalism then we must not be afraid of being fiercely intolerant towards intolerance. Otherwise we will inadvertently end up destroying the very tolerance and freedoms that are the bedrock of modern multicultural societies.

WE ARE ALL ONE, and as a reflection of that unity we need to integrate so that we can learn to look past our ideological differences. Whether we are atheist, Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, left-wing, right-wing, liberal, neocon, fascist and/or Marxist, these belief systems are superficial compared to our shared humanity. Put various people together in an open democratic society and that shared humanity outshines ideological contrasts. The future is peaceful multiculturalism — and it is a bright future of shared humanity.

At least, that is the idealism being promoted in Western democracies by our media, our legal systems, teachers and many progressive thinkers. Of course there is nothing wrong with this sort of idealism, except that it does not reflect the real world. Idealism certainly birthed democracy, social liberty and, most importantly, freedom of speech, and it is the bedrock of civilisation. But idealism has to keep one foot in reality for it to be an effect agent for positive social change.

Today, the idealism of multiculturalism is causing problems because it is based on the false assumption that humanity’s relationship to beliefs is identical, and so all belief systems are equivalent. In other words, we are all equally effected by contradictions and challenges to our beliefs, including our cultural and religious beliefs. This is relativism, and it equates all belief systems as equally valid. But this is not reflected in human psychology.

The ideal of multiculturalism is based on this type of relativism — this equivalence of the validity of belief systems. And as different belief systems are considered to be equally valid, the reasoning goes that they should be able to exist side by side with minimal conflict.

But this overlooks a vital component of belief systems: the believers themselves. How we believe beliefs is actually much more important than what we believe. If we are unconscious of our belief systems and largely confuse them with reality (a position known as fundamentalism), then we will not take too kindly to challenges to those belief systems. And as any contradicting belief system will be considered a challenge to our own, we will have a natural intolerance to other belief systems.

On the other hand, if we are conscious enough to recognise that our belief systems are belief systems and not confuse them with reality, we are likely to be far more tolerant towards those with contradictory belief systems. This relationship to believes shows a level of psychological maturity which recognises a separation between ourselves and our beliefs. If such a separation does not exist, however, any challenge to our beliefs will be taken as a challenge to ourselves, and so will be strongly resisted and rebuked.

In the multicultural ideal, the assumption is made that we can all be equally tolerant of each others’ beliefs, that we all share the same level of psychological maturity. But on this planet right now there are people with Stone Age minds living right next door to people from the 21st Century post-modern world. And that is why multiculturalism does not work: the model does not reflect reality; relativism and fundamentalism cannot peacefully coexist.

That is not to say that there will be a social war between relativists and fundamentalists in the same society, because the truth is that most relativists will refuse even to see conflict. And in this way, the fundamentalists will usually have the upper hand in a relativist society that treats all beliefs as equal, because the intolerance of the fundamentalist will tolerated by the controlling relativists.

And if a government of a largely relativist culture makes the decision to accept a significant influx of fundamentalists, for even the best and most moral reasons, then that relativism is going to be jeopardised because fundamentalism abhors relativism, whereas relativism tries hard to accept fundamentalism. It doesn’t matter how good or bad, moral or immoral those fundamentalists are, they will consciously or unconsciously seek to destroy the relativism of that society one way or another because it is a direct threat to their identity.

In this way, tolerance of intolerance ends up destroying tolerance, especially if the birth rate of those that are intolerant outstrips that of those that are tolerant. But as intolerance to outsiders is regarded as fascist or nationalist, and therefore associated with racism and other abhorrent separatist viewpoints, modern society will not allow itself even a healthy level of intolerance. So in the end, putting no limits on tolerance will end up eroding that tolerance itself. And at some point in the future, we will find ourselves living in an intolerant society.

Even writing these words feels uncomfortable to me as someone who abhors both nationalism and racism, but I have to follow the logic to its conclusion, and admit that unless tolerance has limits, it sows the seeds of its own destruction. We can learn from the yin-yang symbol which, although it separates out black and white, places a little spot of black in the centre of the white and vice versa. In this way, two opposing qualities or viewpoints can harmoniously coexist because they contain an aspect of each other. So tolerance must contain some intolerance for it to last, otherwise it will be too fragile for a modern world.

So if we want a viable multicultural future, we need to be intolerant to intolerance, and this means giving up the ideal of multiculturalism and accepting that, to harmoniously coexist, fundamentalist culture must be challenged and not tolerated. Otherwise, we jeopardise the very freedoms that allow multiculturalism to exist in the first place.

 

Sorry, I can’t seem to locate the author’s name, but the essay appears here: http://www.realitymaps.com/2016/08-tolerancetointolerance.html

 

unless tolerance has limits, it sows the seeds of its own destruction.”  I think this is actually very true, although I admit I share the author’s own discomfort and abhorrence of nationalism and racism.

I have to say, though, that it’s not just other cultures that have intolerant views.  We must not forget that white, North American Christians are incredibly intolerant.  As a woman, I can tell you that I am well aware of their intolerance toward my sex and see the full force of it every single day.

So, if we are going to be intolerant of intolerance, I assume the author includes everyone rather than just certain groups.  I think we need to be intolerant not of other cultures, but of any beliefs that harm others, regardless of which culture hold the belief.  Preventing women from accessing abortions is a form of intolerance (which stems from a belief) that causes harm.  I guess what I am trying to say, poorly, is that it’s beliefs, not particular cultures or nationalities or groups, that foster intolerance.